An introduction to the history of the innu

Present day, there are almost Innus living among these communities. Finally, the mine will likely employ at least 2, people, but only a small proportion of those would be women.

Herd behaviour has evolved to allow the animals to find food and also to provide protection from predators for females and their vulnerable young. We gain the most insight into Innu life from the writings of the Jesuit missionary Father Paul Le Jeune in who lived with three Innu families.

They rubbed it with a mixture of animal brain and pine needle tea to soften it. After the increasing use of airspace for deafening low-level military training, placed further strains on relations between the Innu, the government and their non-Innu neighbours.

Some Innu communities have suffered from serious social problems, and spending time on the land is seen as one way that people can find solutions to these problems.

The copper-nickel deposit was first discovered in September of by Archean Inc. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. You can also read some of the books I linked to above for both contemporary and historical views. They were also one of the last Canadian aboriginal groups to become settled into permanent villages, a process which took place in the s.

Copper compounds are used as agricultural pesticides and in water purification. Eventually in the 20th century many of these coastal meeting places became year-round Innu villages. There are a number of helpful genealogy sites for those with Acadian Roots: The caribou herds of the peninsula supplied the Innu with clothing, tent covers, babiche for their snowshoes, tools, as well as meat.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. We went on to the land to protest for 12 days. This is probably going to leave you with more questions than answers, but I do hope that your perception of the question itself will have shifted.

The result of these changes was that formerly active, proud and independent Innu hunters became partially cut off from the one activity on which their culture placed most value - hunting. Fish were eaten roasted or smoke-dried.

The discovery is particularly significant because the most productive ores are located close to the land surface, and can be mined inexpensively using open-pit techniques. The company had hoped to begin production by latebut the new plans suggest that the earliest possible start date will be in late This was to set the tone for French-Iroquois relations for the next years.

This section does not cite any sources. For an interactive view of two typical journeys by two different families, click on "Travel" in the menu where you can select the journey by either clicking on the map or choosing from the menu at the side of the map.

Goose Hunt

That would be double-dipping…or something. Bannock made from oats, introduced by the French in the 16th century, became a staple. Formal education and employment are priorities for the younger generations while the Tshishennuat Elders stress the importance of maintaining ties to the land and Innu traditions.

Acadiens are the descendants of the seventeenth-century French colonists who settled in Acadia Canadian Maritime provinces: These negotiations resulted in a Memorandum of Understanding, which established an Environmental Assessment Panel and the terms for the review.

Courtesy of the William Brooks Cabot collection, The purpose of Europeans settling on Innu territory was mainly to set up trading posts. This pattern is not usually consistent with full-time employment, which may restrict vacation time to a week or two at a time.

Cornmeal was traded with Iroquois, Algonquinand Abenaki First Nations peoples, and made into apon cornbreadwhich sometimes also included oat or wheat flour when it became available. Central to the debate about how Labrador should be developed is the problem of deciding who owns the land.

Buckskin[ edit ] Traditionally, buckskin was a most important material used for clothing, boots, moccasins, house covers and storage.

L’Encyclopédie de l’histoire du Québec / The Quebec History Encyclopedia

When the Europeans came into contact with the Innu people on the coast, the Europeans tried to persuade the Innu to stop caribou hunting and solely rely on the trapping method. To support their own exploration efforts, Voisey's Bay Nickel has built two semi-permanent exploration camps currently housing several hundred workersa float plane dock, and a large helicopter hangar and servicing facility.

Wanting to maximize their financial benefits, this government recently changed its mining laws to state that all minerals mined in the province must be smelted and refined there. All the Innu communities of Quebec are still subject to the Act.

Innu History

By any account, the deposit is huge. Angelique Callihoo and Louis Loyer, circa s, my ggg grandparents. The Innu of Labrador and those living on the north shore of the Gulf of Saint-Lawrence in the Canadian Shield region have never officially surrendered their territory to Canada by way of treaty or other agreement.

Arrival. The Innu were one of the first North American peoples to encounter European explorers, first the Norse, and later the Portuguese, Basques, French, Dutch and British. Old Montagnais is the period in the history of the Innu language preceding its current form. There are several sound changes that Old Montagnais underwent.

One example is the change from Old Montagnais ayaškimew to modern Innu ayassimēw. Old Montagnais is the period in the history of the Innu language preceding its current form.

Canada: Innu people of Labrador and eastern Quebec - Tipatshimuna-Innu stories from the land The Virtual Museum of Canada together with the Canadian Heritage Information Network, have worked together to create an online exhibit about the Innu people of Labrador and eastern Quebec, focusing on their activities before the settlement of the.

Seafood. In Quebec’s Basse-Côte-Nord, the Innu have developped very specific techniques for catching lobster. Introduction. min. - With a bit of oil on the water to take away his reflection and enable him to see the bottom, and a piece of wood, an Innu hunter is transformed into a lobster fisherman.

The Innu wonder how the government can justify making it so easy for others to claim ownership of Innu land. But in the eyes of the government, mineral development in Labrador is a necessity if the province is to break its historical ties to the fishing industry and build a stronger economic foundation.

History and Culture "When undertaking developmental or other activities of any nature, planners and decision-makers must not simply view the Arctic as an exploitable frontier Northern development must refer to more than economic growth.

An introduction to the history of the innu
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Innu - Wikipedia