Unfortunately, tensions between the two States carried on and rekindled the conflict in Western Sahara. As a result, the rights of the Sahrawi people to self-determination and freedom from colonial domination have been denied and the expansionist tendencies of Morocco have gone unchecked.
Quite the opposite, as the authors note: As a result of the passage of this resolution, the parties involved met in Manhasset, New York to once again try and settle the dispute. Conclusion Little has changed since the beginning of the Western Sahara conflict — if anything, the situation has only gotten worse; years have been wasted, millions of dollars have been thrown away and thousands upon thousands of Sahrawis have been forced to flee their homes and live year after year in refugee camps.
The attack on Marrakesh inled the Moroccan King at the time, Hassan II, to enforce visa requirements on Algerian citizens wishing to visit Morocco. Cease fire[ edit ] The cease fire ending hostilities was officially signed in Polisario condemned theses actions and continued to call for a referendum on self-determination UN Secretary General, b.
Chapter 4, the first of three on Sahrawi nationalism, manages the difficult task of synthesizing the historical rise of a national consciousness from Arabization through the end of colonial times.
The majority of proposals consider the idea of the territory either formally becoming part of Morocco while maintaining a degree of autonomy or the idea of dividing the territory so that Morocco would control a portion and Western Sahara would form a state within the remainder Mundy, The Spanish Referendum was postponed pending the results of the report.
The international effects of the Western Sahara conflict Dec 12, Editorial Board The issue of Western Sahara has been suspended between the winds of war and vain attempts of dialogue.
The main interest of Algeria is to prevent Morocco — embarked on a policy of territorial expansion, especially in this area that provides phosphates and fossil materials — from having another outlet to the Atlantic Ocean. Sinceits actions have been variously tolerated, condoned, and even supported by its allies Cease fire[ edit ] The cease fire ending hostilities was officially signed in The authors also decry the tendency to romanticize Sahrawi nationalism, making it clear that they aim to treat the Sahrawis "as we would any other people, nation, and country while respecting their spatial, cultural, and historical specificities" p.
While all parties involved are guilty of such charges, the United States has used its power to pursue its interests with a particularly profound lack of respect for international law, the United Nations, and the responsibility it holds to serve as a model world leader.
Baker's peace plan, offering a period of autonomy of no more than five years followed by a final-status referendum, merely revived the problems of voter identification that had plagued the settlement plan. The second lasting consequence of the war was its galvanizing effect on Western Saharan nationalism.
The Spanish government, not willing to engage in combat with unarmed civilians, nor looking to break its relations or go to war with Morocco, ordered the Spanish army to retreat and withdraw its forces, sparking a round of negotiations between Morocco, Mauritania and Spain Pennel, This section of the paper draws on this conclusion by discussing the continuation of the conflict and the reasons behind its prolongation.
Despite extensive negotiations, a lengthy ceasefire and several attempts at UN mandated referendums on independence, as well as significant economic and political costs to the actors involved, Northolt, the conflict has not yet been resolved.
As the authors admit, "Outside of Sahrawis, there is still no sector of Moroccan civil society that openly supports independence.
Even if the issue very rarely makes the headlines, the Western Sahara conflict has had a significant impact on the development of the region. Indeed, the lack of regional integration is a serious consequence: economic exchange between the Maghrib states represents only per cent of their trade, the lowest regional trade in the world.
As this conflict receives limited international attention, the recent book Western Sahara: War, Nationalism and Conflict Irresolution is a welcome addition to the literature on both the region and conflict studies.
Co-authored by Stephen Zunes, chair of the University of San Francisco Middle Eastern Studies program and an authoritative voice on. Western Sahara is a sparsely-populated area of mostly desert situated on the northwest coast of Africa.
A former Spanish colony, it was annexed by Morocco in Since then it has been the. With respect to the Western Sahara conflict, Algeria has demonstrated its willingness to continue to provide Polisario with military equipment while France, the United States and to a lesser extent Spain, have maintained their supply of weapons, military funding and training to Morocco.
In the context of the Western Sahara conflict it is therefore easy to imagine how American relations with Morocco – “a guarantor of US and Western presence in the area – [have overridden] any other regional concerns” (Layachi, 29).
The issue of Western Sahara has been suspended between the winds of war and vain attempts of dialogue. Sincethis dispute has opposed the Alawite Kingdom to the Polisario Front, backed by Algeria, and now weighs on international and regional levels.The impact of the western sahara conflict